Acrylic, also known as plexiglass or PMMA (polymethyl methacrylate), is a popular material due to its versatility and transparency. To transform acrylic sheets into desired shapes and sizes, cutting machines are essential in the manufacturing process. In this article, we will explore the various types of machines used for cutting acrylic and focus on the most commonly employed ones.

  1. Laser Cutting Machines

Laser cutting machines are one of the most prevalent and preferred methods for cutting acrylic sheets. The process involves using a high-powered laser beam to vaporize or melt the acrylic along the cutting path, resulting in precise and clean edges. Laser cutting offers high levels of accuracy and is suitable for intricate designs and fine details. Moreover, it minimizes material wastage, making it a cost-effective option for acrylic fabrication. Laser cutting machines are widely used in industries such as signage, display, and arts and crafts.

  1. CNC Routers

Computer Numerical Control (CNC) routers are another popular choice for cutting acrylic. These machines utilize rotating cutting tools to carve out the desired shapes from acrylic sheets. CNC routers are versatile and can handle various cutting patterns, making them suitable for both simple and complex designs. The ability to program specific cutting paths using CAD/CAM software enables precise and repeatable cuts, ensuring consistency in mass production. CNC routers are commonly used in the production of acrylic letters, logos, and architectural elements.

  1. Table Saws

Table saws are widely used in acrylic workshops and smaller manufacturing setups. They consist of a circular saw blade mounted on an arbor that protrudes through the surface of a flat table. The operator pushes the acrylic sheet across the table to make straight cuts. While table saws are effective for basic cutting tasks, they may not be suitable for intricate designs or high-volume production due to their limited cutting capabilities.

  1. Band Saws

Band saws are another type of cutting machine used in acrylic fabrication. They have a long, continuous blade with teeth that move in a continuous loop, allowing for straight and curved cuts in acrylic sheets. Band saws are ideal for cutting thicker acrylic materials and can handle various shapes with ease. They are commonly used in workshops and smaller manufacturing setups where precision cutting is required for custom orders.

  1. Jigsaw Machines

Jigsaw machines, also known as scroll saws, are handheld tools with thin, reciprocating blades that move up and down rapidly to cut through acrylic. They are suitable for making intricate cuts and curves in acrylic sheets. Jigsaw machines are often used for crafting and hobby projects that require detailed work, but they may not be the first choice for large-scale production due to their limited cutting speed.

  1. Waterjet Cutting Machines

Waterjet cutting machines utilize a high-pressure stream of water mixed with abrasive materials to cut through acrylic sheets. This method is suitable for cutting thicker acrylic materials and allows for the creation of complex shapes and designs. Waterjet cutting produces smooth edges without generating heat, reducing the risk of material distortion. However, this method may be more expensive and slower compared to laser or CNC cutting, making it more suitable for specialized projects.


In the world of acrylic fabrication, a range of cutting machines is available to cater to different needs and requirements. Laser cutting machines and CNC routers stand out as the most commonly used options, offering precision, versatility, and efficiency in the production of acrylic products. However, for smaller setups and hobbyist projects, table saws, band saws, and jigsaw machines also play important roles. The choice of the most suitable cutting machine depends on factors such as the complexity of the design, required precision, production volume, and available budget. By harnessing the capabilities of these cutting machines, manufacturers can unlock the full potential of acrylic, creating a wide array of products for various applications.